The Common fig is a large, deciduous shrub or small tree native to southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region. It grows to a height of 6.9–10 metres tall, with smooth grey bark. The leaves are 12–25 centimetres long and 10–18 centimetres across, and deeply lobed with three or five lobes. The fruit is 3–5 centimetres long, with a green skin, sometimes ripening towards purple or brown. The sap of the fig’s green parts is an irritant to human skin.